Claffey, K, K. Jones, and C. Ryerson (1995) Use and
Cooper, W., M. Politovich, and W. Sand (1982) Nature
of icing conditions encountered during meteorological
cal research. Atmospheric Research, 36: 277286.
research. Unpublished contract report. Martin, Pringle,
Clark, J. (1997) Introduction to the Operations Panel
Oliver, Triplett and Wallace, Wichita, Kansas.
discussions. NASALeRC/ CRREL/FAA Inflight Remote
Cotton, W., and R. Anthes (1989) Storm and Cloud
Sensing Icing Avoidance Workshop, Summaries and
Dynamics. San Diego, California: Academic Press.
Presentations, 12 April, Ohio Aerospace Institute,
Creley, J. (1990) Ice capade. Flying, June, p. 134135.
Cleveland, Ohio. .
Crum, T., and R. Alberty (1993) The WSR-88D and
the WSR-88D Operational Support Facility. Bulletin of
Clothiaux, E., M. Miller, B. Albrecht, T. Ackerman,
J. Verlinde, D. Babb, R. Peters, and W. Syrett (1995)
the American Meteorology Society, 74(9): 16691687.
An evaluation of a 94-GHz radar for remote sensing of
Curry, J., and G. Liu (1992) Assessment of aircraft
cloud properties. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic
icing potential using satellite data. Journal of Applied
Technology, 12(2): 201229.
Meteorology, 31: 605621.
Cloutier, C. (1997) Presentation. NASALeRC/CRREL/
Decker, M., E. Westwater, and F. Guiraud (1978)
FAA Inflight Remote Sensing Icing Avoidance Work-
Experimental evaluation of ground-based microwave
shop, Summaries and Presentations, 12 April, Ohio
radiometric sensing of atmospheric temperature and
Aerospace Institute, Cleveland, Ohio.
water vapor profiles. Journal of Applied Meteorology,
Cober, S., G. Isaac, and J. Strapp (1995) Aircraft icing
measurements in east coast winter storms. Journal of
Decker, M., P. Fotino, and J. Schroeder (1986) Remote
Applied Meteorology, 34: 88100.
detection of aircraft icing conditions using microwave
Cober, S., G. Isaac, and J. Strapp (1996a) Aircraft
radiometers. NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL
icing from supercooled drizzle. In Proceedings of the
12th International Conference on Clouds and Precipi-
Deffeyes, R. (1996) Adept, adapt, adopt: Three hurdles
tation, 1923 August, Zurich, Switzerland. International
for new products. IEEE AES Systems Magazine, Octo-
ber, p. 35.
International Association of Meteorology and Atmo-
Doviak, R. (1983) A survey of radar rain measurement
spheric Sciences (IAMAS) of International Union of
techniques. Journal of Climate and Applied Meteorol-
Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG), p. 13181321.
ogy, 22(5): 832849.
Doviak, R., and D. Zrnic (1984) Doppler Radar and
Cober, S., G. Isaac, J. Strapp, and D. Marcotte
(1996b) Analysis of aircraft icing environments asso-
Weather Observations. San Diego, California: Academic
ciated with supercooled drizzle. In Proceedings of the
Eberhard, W. (1993) CO2 lidar technique for observ-
FAA International Conference on Aircraft Inflight Icing,
ing characteristic drop size in water clouds. IEEE Trans-
Springfield, Virginia. vol. II, Working Group Papers,
actions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 31: 5663.
Eberhard, W. (1995) Theory for dual-wavelength
Cober, S., J. Strapp, and G. Isaac (1996c) An example
lidar method to distinguish ice, mixed-phase, and water
of supercooled drizzle drops formed through a collision
clouds. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technol-
coalescence process. Journal of Applied Meteorology,
ogy, 12: 130140.
December, 35: 22502260.
Elachi, C. (1987) Introduction to the Physics and Tech-
Coffey, R. (1995) Big fat drops of ice. IFR, October, p.
niques of Remote Sensing. New York: John Wiley and
Coleman, W. (1996) Presentation by the Regional Air-
Engelberg, S., and A. Bryant (1995) Lost chances in
line Association. In Proceedings of the FAA Interna-
making a commuter plane safer. The New York Times,
tional Conference on Aircraft Inflight Icing, Springfield,
26 February, p. 1, 2426.
Virginia. vol. I, Plenary Sessions, p. 217222.
Erickson, S. (1997) Air line pilots. NASALeRC/
Collins, R. (1989) Ice. AOPA Pilot, December, p. 43
CRREL/FAA Inflight Remote Sensing Icing Avoidance
Workshop, Summaries and Presentations, 12 April,
Considine, G.D. (1997) Modeling the diurnal variabil-
Ohio Aerospace Institute, Cleveland, Ohio.
ity in cloud microphysics in boundary layer clouds.
Journal of Geophysical Research, January, 102(D2):
Erickson, S., S. Green, J. Bettcher, and J. Bracken
(1996) Difficulties in the operation of aircraft in icing
conditions In Proceedings of the FAA International Con-
Cooper, W., and W. Sand (1997) Threshold conditions
ference on Aircraft Inflight Icing, Springfield, Virginia.
for ice accretion. In 35th AIAA Aerospace Sciences
vol. I, Working Group Papers, p. 575584.
Meeting, 610 January, Reno, Nevada. AIAA-97-0307.
Reston, Virginia: American Institute of Aeronautics and
Evans, K.D., S.H. Melfi, R.A. Ferrare, and D.N.
Whiteman (1997) Upper tropospheric temperature