This work was supported by funding from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Civil Works Research-and-
Development-funded Cold Regions Engineering Program work units Characterization of Ice Impacts on Winter O&M
#39862, Control of Icing at Corps Projects #39864, and Winter Operations and Maintenance at Corps Structures #33283.
Special thanks are extended to Dr. Kathleen White, Research Hydraulic Engineer at CRREL, for manuscript review; Al
Beitelman of ERDC's Construction Engineering Research Laboratory in Champaign, Illinois, for expert sample preparation
and coating; and Jerry Stroud, Lockmaster at USACE Lock and Dam 25, for providing a site for and personnel who assisted
with field trials. Technical and experimental assistance at CRREL was provided by Christopher Donnelly, Dennis Lambert,
and John Gagnon.
This issue of Ice Engineering was written by Nathan D. Mulherin, Research Physical Scientist, and Robert B. Haehnel,
Mechanical Engineer, of the Snow and Ice Branch, U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC), Cold
Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (CRREL), Hanover, New Hampshire.
Ice Engineering is published in accordance with AR 25-30 as one of the information exchange functions
of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. It is primarily intended to be a forum whereby information on ice
engineering work done or managed by Corps field offices can be disseminated to other Corps offices, other
U.S. Government agencies, and the engineering community in general. The purpose of Ice Engineering is
information exchange and not the promulgation of Corps policy; thus, guidance on recommended practice in
any given area should be sought through appropriate channels or in other documents. This report's contents
are not to be used for advertising, publication, or promotional purposes. Citation of trade names does not
constitute an official endorsement or approval of the use of such commercial products.
The Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (CRREL) is part of the U.S. Army Corps of
Engineers Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC).
Communications are welcomed. Write to ERDC-CRREL, ATTN: Tim Pangburn, 72 Lyme Road,
Hanover, NH 03755-1290 (e-mail Timothy.Pangburn@erdc.usace.army.mil), or call 603-646-4296.