ture retention characteristics. USA Cold Regions
Ullidtz, P. (1987) Pavement analysis. In Devel-
Research and Engineering Laboratory, Special Re-
opments in Civil Engineering, Vol. 19. Amster-
dam: Elsevier Science Publishers.
Irwin, L. and D. Speck (1986) NELAPAV user's
U.S. Army (1987) Flexible pavement design for
guide. Cornell University, Ithaca, New York,
airfields (layered elastic method). Department of
Cornell University Local Road Program Report
the Army, Washington, D.C. Draft Technical
Manual TM 5-825-2-1.
U.S. Army (1988) Pavement design for roads,
Mahoney, J.P., J.A. Lary, J. Sharma and N.
Jackson (1985) Investigation of seasonal load re-
streets, and open storage areas, elastic layered
strictions in Washington state. Transportation Re-
method. Department of the Army, Washington,
search Record 1043, TRB, National Research
D.C. Technical Manual TM 5-800-09.
Council, Washington D.C., p. 5867.
U.S. Army (1990) Rigid pavements for airfields
Schmidt, R.J. (1975) Use of ASTM tests to pre-
other than Army (layered elastic method). De-
dict low temperature stiffness of asphalt mixes.
partment of the Army,Washington, D.C. Techni-
Transportation Research Record 544, TRB,
cal Manual TM 5-824-2-1.
National Research Council, Washington, D.C. p.
Witczak, M. (1972) Design of full depth airfield
pavements. Proceedings, Third International Con-
ference on the Structural Design of Asphalt Pave-
Tice, A.R., J.L. Oliphant, Y. Nakano and T.F.
Jenkins (1982) Relationship between the ice and
ments. London, England, Vol. I, p. 450467.
unfrozen water phases in frozen soil as deter-
Yang, W. (1988) Mechanistic analysis of non-
mined by pulsed nuclear magnetic resonance and
destructive pavement deflection data. Doctorate
physical absorption data. USA Cold Regions Re-
dissertation, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York
search and Engineering Laboratory, CRREL Re-