ling interest [Controls for Gazprom's pipelines
Surovtsev, D.A. (1996) Gazprom follows unique
are described]. Turbomachinery International, 35(6):
course to privatization. Oil and Gas Journal, 94(13):
Sagers, M.J. (1992) Review of the oil industry of
Surthuthev, L., and I. Basnieva (1990) System
the former Soviet Union in 1991. International Ge-
analysis of oilfield development problems in en-
ology Review, 34(1): 95104.
vironmentally sensitive areas. In European Petro-
Sagers, M.J. (1992) Review of natural gas indus-
leum Conference, 2124 October, The Hague, Nether-
try of the former Soviet Union in 1991. Interna-
lands. Richardson, Texas: Society of Petroleum En-
tional Geology Review, 34(2): 207212.
gineers, vol. 1, p. 1928.
Sagers, M.J. (1994) Russia and CIS face unfamiliar
Tchourilov, L.D. (1992) The oil industry in the USSR:
problems. Gas World International, 199(4910): 1013.
Samenov, O.A. (1982) Production of large-diam-
Petroleum Congress, 2025 October, 1991, Buenos Aires,
eter welded pipes at Khartsyzsk tube works. Steel
Argentina. New York: Wiley, vol. 1, p. 113116.
in the USSR, 12(4): 170173.
Teplov, Y.L., A.B. Khabarov, and S.M. Artamonov
Segal, G. (1978) Reassessing the Soviet oil out-
(1992) Primary exploration directions in the
look. Petroleum Review, 32(376): 5153.
Varandey-Adz'vin oil gas region of the Timan-
Semenov, L.P. (1991) Parameterizing environmen-
Pechora Province. Petroleum Geology, 26(1112):
tal assessments for oil and gas facility construc-
tion. In International Arctic Technology Conference,
Treat, J.E. (1990) Soviet and central European en-
2931 May, Anchorage, Alaska. Richardson, Texas:
ergy outlook. In Energy Watchers I. Boulder, Colo-
Society of Petroleum Engineers, p. 807811.
rado: International Research Center for Energy
Shabad, T. (1985) Soviet energy today. In Explora-
and Economic Development, p. 3763.
tion and Economics of the Petroleum Industry, New
Trollux, J. (1989) Urengoy gas pipeline (Siberian
Ideas, New Methods, New Developments. New York:
Arctic). In International Colloquium on Arctic Tech-
Matthew Bender, p. 15/115/8.
nology and Economy: Present Situation, Problems and
Shakirov, R.M. (1990) Construction of transmis-
Future Issues, 1517 February, 1989, Paris. Paris:
sion and field pipelines in severe environmental
Banque Nationale de Paris, p. 12.
conditions in the USSR. In 1st Pacific/Asia Offshore
U.S. Government Printing Office (1982) Proposed
Mechanics Symposium, 2428 June, Seoul, Korea.
trans-Siberian natural gas pipeline: Hearing before the
Golden, Colorado: International Society of Off-
Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs,
shore and Polar Engineers, vol. 1, p. 353360.
United States Senate, Ninety-seventh Congress, First
Skrebowski, C. (1996) Russia set to dominate glo-
session, to discuss the wide range of complex and con-
bal gas supplies, 50 years of gas in Russia. The
troversial issues surrounding the building of a major
Petroleum Economist, 63(5): 3742.
natural gas pipeline from northern Siberia to the heart-
Stavanger, S.S. (1990) The Soviet Union: Vast Arc-
land of Europe. Washington, D.C., 224 p.
tic accumulations await expansion of Perestrojka.
Ulitzsch, R. (1994) Severgasprom natural gas pipe-
Euroil, 1(5): 3033.
line network to be modernized. Oil Gas: European
Stepanov, S.S. (1993) The Far North project.
Magazine, 20(2): 1718.
(In Russian.) Gazovaya Promyshlennost, (1): 25.
Ulitzsch, R., and R. Ehry (1995) Gazprom up-
Stern, J.P. (1984) Europe's international gas trade:
dates gas network control room in Moscow. Pipe
Political geopolitical aspects. Petroleum Review,
Line & Gas Industry, 78(5): 3537.
Ulmishek, G.F. (1993) Estimated petroleum re-
Stone, A. (1991) The USSR/West Europe natural
sources in the former Soviet Union. Denver, Colo-
gas pipeline: Conduit of controversy and change.
rado: U.S. Geological Survey, Open-file report 93-
Athens, Georgia: Georgia State University, 151 p.
316, 12 p.
Stoughton, S. (1992) Decree to change shape of Rus-
Umansky, M. (1984) UrengoiPomaryUzhgorod
sian oil industry. Oil and Gas Journal, 90(50): 2022.
pipeline project. Pipeline, 56(5): 89.
Stowell, C.E. (1974) Oil and Gas Development in the
Upperton, J. (1995) New Russia rules leave do-
U.S.S.R. Tulsa, Oklahoma: Petroleum Publishing,
mestic quota fate unclear. Platt's Oilgram News,
Vakhitov, G.G. (1991) Current production prob-
Sukharev, M.G., E.R. Stavrovskii, and E.M. Yasin
(1985) Operational management and planning in
lems of natural bitumens and bitumenous rocks
gas and oil transportation systems. Power Engi-
in the Soviet Union. In 5th UNITAR International
neering, 23(6): 3542.
Conference on Heavy Crude and Tar Sands, 49 August,