GENERAL REVIEW OF PREVIOUS WORK-continue

THEORETICAL RELATIONS AND METHOD OF ANALYSIS

General equation of motion-continue

Wind structure of the surface boundary layer

Evaluation of φh, φw, and φm

Critical Richardson number

COMPUTATION OF TURBULENT FLUXES

One-level measurement-continue

Figure 2. Ratio of bulk transfer coefficient to its neutral value from diabatic profile theory

Empirical wind functions

Energy balance method

FUNDAMENTALS IN MEASURING SENSIBLE HEAT FLUX BY CORRELATION TECHNIQUES

General problem associated with snow-covered ground

Coverage of frequency intervals-continue

EXPERIMENTAL - CR95_220024

Experimental setup-continue

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION - CR95_220026

Collection and analysis of data

Table 1. Data from test 9107101440, taken in unstable conditions

Table 2. Data from test 9107160815, taken in conditions of near-neutral stability

Table 2. Continued - CR95_220030

Table 2. Continued - CR95_220031

Figure 5. Standard deviations σ w′ (a) and σ u′ (b) as a function of mean wind speed at u2m

Figure 6. Standard deviations σ u′ (a) and σ w′ (b) as a function of friction velocity u*.

Figure 7. Variation of σ u′ , σ w′ and u2m with time (a) over snow and (b) over fluffy snow

Figure 9. Variation of covariance w′ T′ with u2m

Figure 11. Standard deviations σ w′ (a) and σu′ (b) as a function of u2m based on data taken in late fall, winter, and early spring

Figure 13. Covariance w′ T′ as a function of u2m during late fall, winter, and early spring

Figure 15. Variation of σw′ /u* with stability parameter z/L

Sensible heat flux correlation

Sensible heat flux correlation-continue

COMPARISON OF SENSIBLE HEAT FLUX

COMPARISON OF SENSIBLE HEAT FLUX-continue - CR95_220042

COMPARISON OF SENSIBLE HEAT FLUX-continue - CR95_220043

COMPARISON OF SENSIBLE HEAT FLUX-continue - CR95_220044

Figure 17. Influence of elevation on the relative contributions of radiative (open circles) and turbulent (solid circles) energy transfers over snow

CONCLUSIONS - CR95_220046

CONCLUSIONS-continue - CR95_220047

LITERATURE CITED - CR95_220048

LITERATURE CITED-continue - CR95_220049

LITERATURE CITED-continue - CR95_220050

LITERATURE CITED-continue - CR95_220051

Report Documentation Page - CR95_220052

CR95_22